Churu

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Churu, the desert city, is a place of historic importance. The town is said to have been found by a Jat named Chuhru in C1620 AD. Churu, like an oasis, situated in the middle of the shifting golden sand dunes, opens the gate to the great desert of Thar. Geographically, it lies in 28º 18' N latitude and 74º 58' E longitude. Administratively, it is the headquarter of the district.
The city has a magnificent fort which is believed to have been built by Thakur Khushal Singh in the year 1739 AD. The proud fort stands in the middle of the town where it is said that the brave Thakur Sheoji Singh tried to defend its honour by firing silver canon balls at the attacking army of the Raja of Bikaner.
The famous wealthy merchants of the town, having business connections all over India, added to its splendour by building beautiful majestic havelis, made of lime and brick and decorated them by the best of the frescoes on the facade as well as inside of the rooms. The best of the masons and 'Chitera' or painters were employed to decorate these buildings. Initially, the Chiteras practised dry and wet methods using mineral and vegetable colours. Later on, around in 1860's they made brighter and colorful paintings with the help of chemical colours. Some merchants, the Mantries, Suranas & Kotharis got few rooms painted in gold with extensive mirror work. The prosperity of Churu reached its zenith in 18th century when the atmosphere of peace and security prevailed and the caravans passed through. Consequently, the business of wool, silk, opium and spices flourished. The merchants moved away to the British India and onwards to Calcutta and other business centers in central India. They made a lot of money using their unique business acumen and decided to raise the palatial houses for their families in Churu.
Churu gives the enchantment of its past glory and treasure to the visitors while one walks through the meandering streets, lined either sides by the largest havelis in the area. There are beautiful temples, chhatries(cenotaphs), the fort, the Johra (water tank) and wells which are all decorated with bright multicoloured wall paintings in various subjects. The city also has a museum named 'Nagarshree'.
The magnificent Havelis, duly decorated by picturesque wall paintings not only add to the beauty of the town but also tell the tales of the famous merchants.
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bikaner

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A city - awesome and beautiful. A vast expanse of rippling sand and scorching sun.An arid, rocky scrubland. It is situated on an elevated ground, surrounded by a seven-kilometer-long embattled wall marked by five gates.
The Rathore prince Rao Bikaji, the liveliest and most enterprising son of Rao Jodhaji of Marwar, founded Bikaner in 1488 AD. The harsh desert surrounds this rich city, no doubt few could gather courage to venture into this part of the globe.
The old part of Bikaner city is surrounded by a stone wall that is 15�30 feet (5�9 m) high and has five gates. Bikaner is now a trade centre for wool, hides, building stone, salt, and grain. Bikaneri woolen shawls, blankets, carpets, and sugar candy are famous, and there are also ivory and lacquerware handicrafts. The city has electrical and mechanical engineering works, railway workshop, and factories that manufacture glass, pottery, felts, chemicals, shoes. The old part of the city is overlooked by a fort and has numerous buildings of bright red and yellow sandstone. Within the fort are several palaces of different periods, a museum housing Rajput miniature paintings, and a library of Sanskrit and Persian manuscripts. Bikaner is situated in an arid tract of undulating sand hills where the breeding of camels, horses, and sheep is the principal occupation. Bajra (pearl millet), jowar (sorghum), and pulses are the main crops grown in the locality.
The fortified town still preserves the aura of medieval times, as it is protected by harsh desert and remained untouched by outside influence. The city is an exercise in  architecture ,one gapes in awe at the embattled wall with ornamental gates.The lofty houses with excellent carvings still survive averring to the craftsmanship and  prosperity of the people.
The Town is also famous for delicacies like Rasgullas ,Bhujias  and Papads.It has become a big wool production centre,and has a unique Camel research farm.
  
History
Bikaner's history dates back to 1488 AD when a Rajput prince Rao Bika ji a descendent of the founder of Jodhpur (1459 AD)., Rao Jodha Ji established his kingdom here. Bika Ji chose a barren land called "Jungladesh" and shaped it into an impressive city, called Bikaner after the founder's name. Archeological surveys and excavations have established beyond doubt that civilization flourished here even before the Harappa period . Excavated statues, coins and carvings of stones and clay stands as testimony to this fact. Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession into Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and there after it's integration in Rajasthan state in 30-3-1949 A.D., Bikaner has played a notable role in the history of the country.
City, north-central Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It lies 240 miles (386 km) west of Delhi.The city was the capital of the former princely state of Bikaner. About 1465 Bika, a Rajput chieftain of the Rathor clan, began to conquer the area from other Rajput clans. In 1488 he began building the city of Bikaner (�the settlement of Bika�). He died in 1504, and his successors gradually extended their possessions. The state adhered loyally to the Mughal emperors, who ruled in Delhi from 1526 to 1857. Rai Singh, who succeeded as chieftain of Bikaner in 1571, became one of the emperor Akbar's most distinguished generals and was named the first raja of Bikaner. As Mughal dominance ebbed, wars between Bikaner and the princely state of Jodhpur raged intermittently in the 18th century. A treaty establishing British paramountcy was concluded in 1818, and order was restored in the country by British troops. The rebellious behaviour of the local thakurs, or subsidiary chiefs, continued, however, until the princely state was made subject to the Rajputana agency in 1883. The state's military force included the Bikaner Camel Corps, which gained renown in China during the Boxer Rebellion (1900) and in the Middle East during World War I. In 1949 Bikaner, which by then totaled more than 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km) in area, became part of the Indian state of Rajasthan and was divided into three districts .

Jaipur - The Pink City

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This famous city is the capital of Rajasthan and has earned universal renown as the " Pink City ", and pink it is, with beautiful constructed palaces, havelis and forts. Tall, rugged men with handle-bar whiskers sport bright pink turbans. Jaipur which means the city of victory was built exactly 273 years back and is 262 km by road from Delhi ( Capital of India ). A strong wall encircles the old city and even today has a suggestion of formidable strength, its function of protecting all within is obvious.

The plains of Rajasthan of which Jaipur is the capital once thundered and echoed with clash of swords and the drums of wars.Built in 1727 by Sawai Jai Singh-II, Jaipur was the first planned city of its time ( the earlier planned city in northern India having been built near Taxila sometime in the 2nd century BC ).
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Jaipur was planned by Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali architect, in a grid system with wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side of the main bazaars, all arranged in nine rectangular city sectors (chokris). The city itself is an attractive creation worthy of universal admiration.

There is a feast in store for tourists. Attractive monuments where one can breathe the fragrance of history. Comfortable and luxurious hotels, once the proud of kings, parks, gardens, and excursions of nearby places of interest, make Jaipur a tourist's paradise. 
General Information



Area:
Altitude:
Climate:

Languages spoken: 
11117.8 sq.km.
431 metres
45 max. 25 min. ( summer )
22 max. 05 min. ( winter )
Hindi, Rajasthani
What to see



The City Palace Jantar Mantar Hawa Mahal |  Govind Devji temple
Isar Lat Ram Niwas Bagh B.M.Birla Planetarium Galtaji 
Laxmi Narayan Temple Amer Fort  Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh Jaigarh Fort
Nahargarh Fort 

Geographical Conditions                                                              
 
     Geographical area of Jaipur district is 11117.8 Sq.Km. Total number of villages is 2369. It is situated in the east of Rajasthan state. In the North of it Sikar, Mahendragarh district (State Haryana), In the South Tonk, In the East Alwar, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, and In the West Nagaur, Ajmer district situated. East and North area of Jaipur district is surrounded by Arawali hills.  
     The important rainy rivers are Ban Ganga and Sabi. To provide drinking water to old city there is Ramgarh dam on Ban Ganga river. There is a single natural lake named Sambhar lake, the water of which is salty and is the largest source of good quality salt in India. Copper, Dolomite, Iron,White Marval, Glass, Silicon are the minerals of Jaipur District.
    Height of it is 122 to 183 m. from see level. Ground water level of Jaipur district is 14 m. currently. Total length of district from East to West is 180 Km. and total width from North to South is 110 Km.


Area     11117.8 sq.km.
Altitude   431 metres
Temperature 45 max. 25.8 min. ( summer )

22 max. 05 min. ( winter )
Languages  English, Hindi, Rajasthani
   
Climate

Climate of Jaipur is extreme with hot and humid summers and chilly winters. Maximum temperature during the summers (from April to July) reaches a high of around 45ºC. On the other hand winters have sunny and pleasant days and bitterly cold nights. Temperature can touch a low of around 5ºC, mostly during the nights. Major problems in the winter are fog that envelops the city in the evening. If you are planning to visit Jaipur in summers, bring with you light cotton clothes. Light woolen clothes during would do the needful in the winters. Monsoon starts in the third week of July, but the state does not experience much of rainy days.

Population Status (as per 2001 Census)
Total Population 52,52,388
Urban 25,93,791
Rural   26,58,597
Male   27,69,096
Female   24,83,292   

City Palace
The City Palace is a historic landmark. The carved arches are supported by grey-white marble columns studded with floral motifs in gold and coloured stones. Two elephants carved in marble guard the entrance, where retainers whose families have served generations of rulers are at hand to serve as guides.

The palace interior houses a Museum containing select collection of various types of Rajasthani dresses, a fascinating armory of Mughal and Rajput weapons; swords of all shapes and sizes, with chased handles, some of them inlaid, enamalled, encrusted with jewels and encased in bold and magnificent scabbards.

It also has an art gallery with a fine collection of paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical works in Arabic, Persian, Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh-II for his study of planets and their movements.
Jantar Mantar
Jantar mantar is one of Jai Singh's five remarkable observatories.  Constructed with stone and marble its complex instruments whose settings and shapes are precisely and scientifically designed represent the high points of Medieval Indian astronomy. The Ram Yantras used for gauging altitudes are unique in their isolation. this is the largest of the five observatories founded by Sawai Jai Singh-II in various parts of the country. It has been listed in UNESCO world heritage sites
Major Yantras or instruments that you can watch moving clockwise are:  Small 'Samrat',  'Dhruva', 'Narivalya',  The Observer's Seat,  Small 'Kranti', 'Raj'
 'Unnathamsa',  'Disha',  'Dakshina',  Large 'Samrat',  'Rashivalayas',  'Jai Prakash',  Small 'Ram',  Large 'Ram Yantra',  'Diganta', Large 'Kranti'

Hawa Mahal
Built by the poet king Sawai Pratap Singh, the Hawa Mahal is the most strikingly designed monument in Jaipur. What is seen from the Sireh Deorhi Bazaar is the five story high backside of the complex ( see it in photo gallery ). It was conceived to provide adequate vantage position behind delicate stone carved jali screens to the palace women for watching the royal processions passing through the bazaar below. 
Albert Hall
It is situated in the beautiful garden of Jaipur city, Ram Niwas Bagh. It was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh in the year 1886 under the drought relief work of Rs 4 Lacs. The design of the building was done by Sir Swinton Jaicob. Presently the hall is used for museum purpose.
Jal Mahal
A tiny palace romantically located in the middle of a small lake, this was supposed to be a hunting lodge for the royal family. It can only be viewed from the banks of the lake.
Amer Fort
For seven long centuries before Jaipur was built, Amer served as the capital as Kachhwaha rulers of the old state of Dhundhar.

Amer Fort is the complex of palaces, halls, pavilions, gardens and temples, which were built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh over a period of about two centuries.
The palace complex rising from the placid waters of the Mootha lake is approached through a steep path, now often traversed by tourists on elephant-back, to Singh palace and Jaleb Chowk. Two flights of stairs rise from one end to the chowk, one leading to the elegant temple of Shila Mata and other to the palace complex. The image of the Mother Goddess worshipped with reverence by thousands of devotees every day was brought from Jessore in East Bengal ( now in Bangladesh ) by raja Man Singh and installed here.

The front courtyard of the palace complex is dominated by the spectacular pillared hall of the Diwan-e-Aam and the double storyed painted gateway Ganesh Pole. Beyond the corridors and galleries on the either side of a small elegant Charbagh style garden are Sukh Niwas to its right and Jas Mandir to its left. The Jas Mandir in the upper floor combines the finest elements od mughal architecture and interior decoration in a Rajput setting with intricately carved jali screens, delicate mirror and stucco works and painted and carved dadodes. The older and simpler structures at the far end were built by Raja Man Singh in the later year of the 16th century.

The well proportioned Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari in the centre of the Mootha lake and the Dilaram Bagh at its north end provide a spectacular view from the palaces above.
B M Birla Planetarium
Equipped with modern computerized projection system, the planetarium offers unique audio-visual educational entertainment. A Science Museum is also a part of this one of the most modern planetarium in India.
Galtaji
Beyond the gardens amidst the low hills guarding the city lies the old pilgrim centre of Galtaji. Temples, pavilions and holy kunds ( natural springs and reservoirs ) do the serene green landscape. The small temple of the Sun God, built by Diwan Kriparam on the top of the highest peak, is visible from all parts of the city.
Laxmi Narayan Temple
In the southern horizon is a privately owned hilltop fort of Moti Doongari shaped like a scotish castle. At the foot of the hill, Laxmi Narayan Temple, beautifully built in sparking white marble, is located.
Nahargarh Fort 
Beyond the hills of Jaigarh stand the Fort of Nahargarh like a watchful sentinel guarding Sawai Jai Singh's beautiful city. Much of the original structures are now in ruins, but the lovely building added by sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II still survive.

Sargasuli : Also known as Isar Lat, this tower was erected in the mid-18th century by Maharaja Ishwari Singh to commemorate a battle victory. Ironically, Ishwari Singh was ostracized for his love of a common girl, and he is the only Kachchawaha maharaja who has not been commemorated at Gaitore.The tower dominating the skyline on the western side of Tripolia Bazaar is the highest structure in Jaipur. 
Govind Devji Temple : In the central pavilion of the sprawling Jai Niwas Garden to the north of the Chandra Mahal is the spire less temple of Lord Krishna. the image in the form of Govind Devji, originally installed in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh-II as his family deity. this is the most famous and popular temple in Pink City attracting devotees from all over the country.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh : Along the road to Agra through a narrow gauge in the southern eastern corner of the walled city, several landscaped gardens were constructed by the Kings and important courtiers in the 18th and 19th centuries. The largest and the most famous is a garden built by sawai jai Singh-II for his Sisodia queen-the Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh. It consists of tiered multilevel gardens with fountains, watercourses and painted pavillions.

Jaigarh Fort : The western skyline is dominated by the extensive parkotas (walls),  watch-towers and gateways of jaigarh. It is one of the few military structures of the mediaeval India preserved almost intact containing palaces, gardens, open and covered reservoirs, a granary, an armoury, a well-planned cannon foundry, several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban - the largest in the country.

Gaitore : Located off the Jaipur-Amber road, Gaitore is the final resting place for the maharajas of Jaipur. Set in a narrow valley, the cenotaphs of the former rulers consist of the somewhat typical chhatri or umbrella-shaped memorials. Of special mention is Jai Singh IT's chhatri because of the carvings that have been used to embellish it.
Moti Doongri :  A small palace, this is a replica of a Scottish castle, and perches on a hilltop. Once occupied by Maharaja Madho Singh's son who was confined here, it was also for a while home to Maharani Gayatri Devi.
Ram Niwas Bagh : A garden planned by Maharaja Ram Singh in the 19th century as a famine relief project, this extensive park consists of a zoo, aviary, herbarium museum and sports complex. An added attraction is Albert Hall, designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, a British architect who created palaces for many of the rulers of Rajasthan, and whose experiments with Indo Saracenic architecture combined elements of English and north- Indian architecture. Albert Hall is a museum and houses many curiosities.
Vidyadharji ka Bagh : The exquisite, tiered garden laid for the private pleasure of the architect of the city, it has delicated pavilions bordered by water channels, and a larger pavilion overlooking the whole complex. Located at Ghat Ki Guni, it is now let out for private picnics.
Excursions 

Sanganer | Bagru | Ramgarh Lake | Samod |
Bairath | Abhaneri | Sambhar


Sanganer 

12 km on Tonk Road. It has beautiful Jain temples and important craft
industries besides the ruined palaces, broken city walls, triple gateway
and a neglected Mughal garden. Large and small units of block and screen
printers produce some of the finest hand printed textile in the country.

Bagru

35 km south west on Ajmer road. The ground level fort is still in good
shape. Its attraction is hand printed cloth industry. The designs are
simpler here, the techniques less complicated and the colours of more
earthly shades.

Ramgarh Lake

32 km north-east. It is famous for its huge artificial lake created by
constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills where the citizens
throng in a large number for picnic during the rainy season. The temple
of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort still reminds of its hoary
antiquity.

Samod 


40 km north-west. The old palace renovated and rebuilt provides the most
gorgeously decorated and painted examples of Rajput haveli architecture.
It provides an ideal spot for outing.

Bairath

86 km on the Shahpura-Alwar road. It contains the relics and structures
of Mauranyas, Mugahl and Rajput periods. The excavated remains of a
circular Buddhist temple, unique in Rajasthan and the earliest
structural temple in India, make it an important historical place.
Akabar the great, constructed a mint and his son Jahangir a beautiful
Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted chatris and walls.

Abhaneri

128 km north-east off the Agra road near Bandikui. It is famous for the
temple of Harshad Mata built in 7th-8th century and the stepped Chanda
Baodi. Two Jain temples were built at a later period.



Sambhar


94 km west. It is famous for the country's largest inland salt lake. It
is also known for holy Devayani tank, beautiful Shakambhari Devi temple,
the palace and the nearby Naliasar. Sambhar lake is also famous for the
illusion of water ( mirage ) during noon times.
 source- jaipur.nic.in

Rajasthan

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rajasthan districts information, rajasthan districts, abour rajasthan, rajasthan info,

शीघ्र लिपिक से परीक्षा से अनेक रह जाएंगे वंचित

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अजमेर.राजस्थान लोक सेवा आयोग द्वारा आयोजित की जाने वाली शीघ्र लिपिक परीक्षा से अनेक अभ्यर्थियों के वंचित रहने की संभावना है। आयोग ने जो शैक्षणिक योग्यता मांगी उसमें वे अनेक अभ्यर्थी शामिल नहीं हो पाएंगे जिन्होंने पूर्व में शैक्षणिक योग्यता प्राप्त कर रखी है। बुधवार को अनेक अभ्यर्थियों ने आयोग सचिव को ज्ञापन देकर शैक्षणिक योग्यता में संशोधन की मांग की है।जानकारी के मुताबिक अभ्यर्थियों ने आयोग सचिव को सौंपे ज्ञापन में कहा है कि 15 वर्ष बाद आशुलिपिक प्रतियोगी परीक्षा का आयोजन किया जा रहा है। आयोग ने जो विज्ञप्ति जारी की है उसमें में आयोग ने ओ लेवल या उच्चतर लेवल डिप्लोमा पीजीडीसीए, डीसीए आदि योग्यता मांगी है। पूर्व की परीक्षाओं में आरएससीआईटी के डिप्लोमा को शैक्षणिक योग्यता में शामिल किया जाता रहा है। ये सभी कोर्स एक या दो वर्ष के हैं जो अब लिखित परीक्षा हिंदी आशुलिपि, अंग्रेजी आशुलिपि के साथ करना संभव नहीं है। लिहाजा आरएससीआईटी कोर्स को मान्यता दी जानी चाहिए ताकि प्रदेश के सैंकड़ों बेरोजगारों को अवसर मिल सके।कम्प्यूटर कैसे साथ लाएंअभ्यर्थियों ने परीक्षा में कम्प्यूटर अभ्यर्थियों द्वारा साथ लाने की अनिवार्यता पर सवाल उठाया है। उनका कहना है कि कम्प्यूटर किराए पर नहीं मिलते हैं। टाइप राइटर तो मिल जाते थे। इसके अलावा व्यावहारिक समस्या यह रहेगी कि कम्प्यूटर के लिए पावर कनेक्शन आदि की व्यवस्था शायद ही किसी सेंटर पर उपलब्ध हो पाएगी। अचानक बिजली बंद होने की स्थिति में टाइप किया गया सारा मैटर भी उड़ने का खतरा बना रहेगा। परीक्षा केंद्र पर ऐसी स्थिति में पर्यवेक्षक ने भी असहयोगात्मक रुख अपनाया तो अभ्यर्थियों को परेशानी होगी। अभ्यर्थियों के मुताबिक आयोग सचिव ने उचित कार्रवाई का भरोसा दिया है।


Source- bhaskar


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प्लेसमेंट एजेंसी से फार्मासिस्ट नियुक्ति पर हाईकोर्ट ने लगाई रोक

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जोधपुर.राजस्थान हाईकोर्ट ने आगामी दो अक्टूबर से शुरू होने वाली मुख्यमंत्री निशुल्क दवा वितरण योजना के तहत प्लेसमेंट एजेंसी के माध्यम से फार्मासिस्ट की नियुक्ति पर अंतरिम रोक लगा दी है। साथ ही संबंधित अधिकारियों को नोटिस जारी करते हुए 12 अक्टूबर तक जवाब तलब किया है। यह आदेश न्यायाधीश गोविंद माथुर ने विश्नोइयों की ढाणी बनाड़ निवासी अशोक गोदारा की ओर से दायर याचिका की सुनवाई के तहत दिए।अदालत में याचिकाकर्ता की ओर से अधिवक्ता आरएस सलूजा ने कहा कि योजना के तहत प्लेसमेंट एजेंसी के माध्यम से फार्मासिस्ट आदि की नियुक्ति करना नियम के विरुद्ध है। योजना के तहत सहकारी विभाग में 14 हजार से अधिक फार्मासिस्ट की जरूरत थी, जिसके लिए विभाग ने आदेश जारी कर प्लेसमेंट एजेंसी को ठेका दे दिया है। चूंकि यह योजना मूल रूप से चिकित्सा एवं स्वास्थ्य विभाग की है, इसलिए यह विभाग ही आवश्यकता पड़ने पर नियमानुसार नियुक्तियां प्रदान कर सकता है। न्यायाधीश माथुर ने अधिवक्ता सलूजा के तर्क से सहमत होकर इन नियुक्तियों पर रोक लगाते हुए सहकारिता विभाग, कार्मिक विभाग, स्वास्थ्य सचिव, कोऑपरेटिव सोसाइटी के रजिस्ट्रार और जोधपुर सहकारी उपभोक्ता होलसेल भंडार लि. के महाप्रबंधक को नोटिस जारी किए हैं।



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